Guide to Keeping a Senior Dog Healthy: 5 Must-Know Tips for Fido's Golden Years

Gary Nealon
March 13 2023

As our furry friends get older, they need a lot of extra TLC. Senior pups in particular can suffer from a variety of health issues, including joint pain, obesity, dental problems, and more. Below, we'll explore the different ways you can help keep your senior dog healthy so they can enjoy their golden years in comfort. We'll look at nutrition tips, exercise recommendations, and other things you can do to ensure your older pooch is living their best life. Let's get started!

1. Regular Vet Visits

Keeping up with regular vet visits is the number one most important thing you can do to keep your older canine pal healthy. Regular checkups with the vet are essential for any dog, but they become ever more important as they age.

As Dr. Karen Becker, DVM puts it, “As pets age, they can be more prone to developing diseases and conditions, some of which can be very serious. Regular veterinary check-ups are important for early diagnosis and effective treatment.”

Your dog's breed and size may determine what diseases and conditions they are more likely to face. However, these are some of the most common health issues in senior dogs:

- Dental Disease
- Arthritis & hip dysplasia
- Sensory Decline & Cognitive Dysfunction
- Heart Problems
- Cancer
- Loss of Vision/Blindness

causes of vision loss in senior dogs

2. Nutrition

Just as with us humans, our dogs' metabolism slows down with each passing year. So they often need fewer calories than when they were younger. While they may need fewer calories, senior pups typically require a diet rich in essential fatty acids, such as omega-3s and omega-6s, to help keep their skin and coat healthy. They may also benefit from increased levels of vitamins and minerals, such as Vitamin A, Vitamin E, and calcium, to help support their immune systems and maintain muscle mass.

Aside from the food itself, another aspect of nutrition to keep in mind is how often you feed your pup. Seniors often do better when they eat several smaller meals throughout the day, as they may have difficulty digesting large amounts of food at once. It's important to consult with your veterinarian to determine the best nutrition plan for your senior dog.

"Working with your vet to make sure your senior dog is getting the proper nutrition can help keep them healthy and happy," says Dr. Jessica Vogelsang, DVM.

Additionally, consider adding a CBD supplement to your dog's diet, like Vet Naturals Hemp & Hips Plus CBD. It's loaded with ingredients that may help improve your senior pup's comfort and overall quality of life.

hemp and hips plus CBD for senior dogs

3. Exercise

Exercise is an important part of any dog's life, but even more so for senior dogs. Regular exercise helps older pups maintain muscle strength, flexibility, and coordination. This in turn can significantly reduce the risk of injury and keep them feeling their best. Exercise also helps reduce stress and anxiety in dogs, which can be especially beneficial for pups who may have difficulty adjusting to their changing physical abilities.

There are a variety of exercises that can be beneficial for senior dogs. Low-impact activities such as walking, swimming, and agility courses can all provide a good foundation for physical fitness. For dogs with arthritis, low-impact exercises can help reduce joint pain and inflammation. Other activities such as playing fetch with a soft toy, or doing short bursts of running can also help keep seniors active and healthy. It is important to remember that the intensity and duration of exercise should be tailored to the individual dog's needs and abilities.

senior dog healthy exercise

4. Regular Grooming

As Dr. Jean Hofve, DVM explains, “Regular grooming is essential for keeping your senior dog healthy. It not only helps to keep their coat and skin healthy, but it can also help to detect any signs of illness or skin conditions.” It's important to keep their coats free of mats, debris, and knots; their nails trimmed; and their teeth clean. Not only does this keep them looking good, but it also helps reduce the chance of skin infections, irritation, and pain.

Making grooming easier on senior dogs is important. Start by getting them used to the process while they are still young. Gently brush their coat, trim their nails, and brush their teeth with canine toothpaste. Also, be sure to use the proper grooming tools for their breed and coat type, as well as a brush or comb that won’t pull or snag their fur. If your senior dog is uncomfortable with being groomed, talk to your veterinarian about ways to make it easier for them. With patience and consistency, your senior dog can look and feel their best.

senior dog grooming

5. Mental Health

Caring for your senior dog's mental health is just as important as ensuring they are physically healthy. As dogs age, just like us humans, their physical and mental needs change. To ensure your senior dog is content and healthy, it's important to pay attention to their mental health.

There are many activities you can do and brain games to play to keep your senior dog's mind sharp. Providing them with cognitive toys that they have to work to open, or puzzles they have to figure out is a great way to keep them mentally stimulated. Taking them on walks and introducing them to new environments or dogs can also help keep their minds active. Keeping up with their regular grooming and vet visits can also help keep them alert and active. Finally, spending time with your senior dog and giving them plenty of attention and affection is a great way to keep their mental health in check.

tips for keeping a senior dog healthy

Other Common Questions about Keeping Your Senior Dog Healthy

How do I keep my senior dog healthy?

Providing your senior dog with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and regular veterinary visits is key to keeping your senior dog healthy. Additionally, providing your senior dog with mental stimulation and socialization is important to keep them happy and healthy in their later years.

What supplements should I give my senior dog?

Depending on your senior dog’s individual needs and health status, there may be certain supplements that your veterinarian recommends. Common supplements for senior dogs include glucosamine and chondroitin, omega-3 fatty acids, and probiotics.

What diet should I feed my senior dog?

The best diet for your senior dog will depend on their individual needs. Generally, senior dogs should be fed a diet that is high in quality proteins, low in fat, and contains plenty of essential vitamins and minerals. Some senior dogs may require a diet specifically designed for senior dogs.

How much exercise should I give my senior dog?

The amount of exercise that your senior dog needs will depend on their age, breed, and health status. Generally, senior dogs should get at least 30 minutes of light to moderate exercise each day. This can include walking, swimming, or playing fetch.

What signs should I look for to indicate my senior dog is in pain?

Answer: Common signs that your senior dog may be in pain include limping, decreased activity, vocalizing, not eating, and difficulty getting up or lying down. If you notice any of these signs, it is important to consult your veterinarian to determine the cause of your senior dog's discomfort.

How can I mentally stimulate my senior dog?

Answer: Providing your senior dog with mental stimulation is an important part of keeping them healthy. Ideas for mentally stimulating your senior dog include providing them with puzzles, interactive toys, and playing games such as hide and seek.


Your senior dog deserves the best care and attention, and following these tips will help ensure they stay healthy and happy in their golden years. Regular vet visits, the right nutrition and exercise, and regular grooming are all essential for keeping your senior pet in good health.

Gary Nealon
Gary is a serial entrepreneur, who built up an e-commerce company in the home improvement space to $40+ million a year in sales before exiting 5 years ago to pursue other projects. Gary combined his business acuity with his love for dogs and launched Vet Naturals, a natural supplement brand dedicated to helping dogs live the best life possible, and Pawzitivity Pets, a pet-centric publishing company that includes, SeniorPups, TechnoBark, and AlphaTrainedDog. Connect with Gary on LinkedIn or Instagram.

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